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Varanasi, or Benaras, (also known as Kashi) is one of the oldest living cities in the world. Varanasi`s Prominence in Hindu mythology is virtually unrevealed. Mark Twain, the English author and literature, who was enthralled by the legend and sanctity of Benaras, once wrote : "Benaras is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend and looks twice as old as all of them put together".Getting There
Varanasi is another sacred Hindu city with a very old history. Known as the city of Lord Shiva, the god of creation and destruction, it's believed that anyone who dies here will be liberated from the cycle of reincarnation. Even a wash in the Ganges River is said to cleanse away all sins.
According to the ‘Vamana Purana’, the Varuna and the Assi rivers originated from the body of the primordial Person at the beginning of time itself. The tract of land lying between them is believed to be ‘Varanasi’, the holiest of all pilgrimages. The word ‘Kashi’ originated from the word ‘Kas’ which means to shine. Steeped in tradition and mythological legacy, Kashi is the ‘original ground ‘ created by Shiva and Parvati, upon which they stood at the beginning of time. Varanasi is the microcosm of Hinduism, a city of traditional classical culture, glorified by myth and legend and sanctified by religion , it has always attracted a large number of pilgrims and worshippers from time immemorial.
To be in Varanasi is an experience in itself an experience in self–discover an eternal oneness of the body and soul. To every visitor; Varanasi offers a breathtaking experience. The rays of the dawn shimmering across the Ganges, the high-banks, the temples and shrines along the banks bathed in a golden hue soul stirring hymns and mantras alongwith the fragrance of incense filling the air and the refreshing dip in the holy waters gently splashing at the Ghats. Varanasi – the land where experience and discovery reach the ultimate bliss. Varanasi is also renowned for its rich tapestry of music, arts, crafts and education. Some of the world renowned exponents India has produced in these fields were schooled in Varanasi’s cultural ethos. Luminaries apart, Varanasi abounds in the art of silk weaving, an exotic work of art which manifests itself in precious Banarasi Silk Sarees and Silk brocades which are cherished as collector’s items across the world today.
Varanasi has an airport and is connected by direct flight from major cities including Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Lucknow, and Khajuraho.
Prime Points of interest of Varanasi
The Ghats Of Varanasi
During this historic city of pilgrimage, the bathing ghats are principal attraction. People today flock here in huge numbers every day to consider bath and worship within the temples constructed beside the river financial institution. Centuries old custom to present puja towards the increasing Sun is nonetheless taken care of.
St. Mary's Church
Situated within the cantonment region of Benaras (Varanasi) the St. Mary's Church has a lower tower, spire and projecting poitico. As opposed to windows tile, church has louvred doors towards the sides and hooded ventilation slots beneath the cornice.
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple / Gyanvapi Mosque
This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It can be popularly recognized as the golden Temple because of the Gold plating completed on its fifteen.5 meter large spire. One tonne of gold donated by Maharaja Ranjit Singh has long been utilized within the gold plating with the spire. The temple was destroyed inside the different invasions and was rebuilt in 1776 by Rani Ahilyabai of Indore.
Bharat Mata Temple
This temple is dedicated to Mother India. Just 1 kilometer through the Varanasi station. The temple is built in the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth which was constructed by Babu Shiv Prasad Gupt. This temple was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936 so that the citizens could respect Mother India in statue form. The statute is constructed in marble. The statue is often a replica of undivided India in three dimension which has the mountains, plains and oceans in correct proportion.
Tulsi Manas Temple
This temple is devoted to Lord Rama. The temple is built within the place exactly where Goswami Tulsidas composed the epic 'Ramacharitramanas' which offers us with comprehensive description of the background and deeds of Lord Rama. Tulsi Manas Temple was constructed by a philanthropist family members in 1964.
Constructed within the 8th century, the Durga temple is among the most crucial temples in Varanasi. This temple is built in Nagara Style. The shikhara from the temple is formed by lots of small spires that are constructed one on leading from the other.
The King of Nepal had constructed this temple on Lalita ghat in Nepali type. The Nepali temple can be known as the 'Kathwala temple'. The temple has some superb woodwork. Tourist from all over the world arrive just to see this temple which has no comparison with any other temple in India. The workers who carved this temple out were brought from Nepal. The wood utilised within the temple is additionally found in Nepal. The speciality of this wood is that termites don't eat this wood